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Table 5 COPD age-standardized mortality ratesa

From: Variability of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease key epidemiological data in Europe: systematic review

     Annual mortality rate (per 100,000 inhabitants)  
Population Country Year(s) Age (yr) Global Male Female Classification codes used
General population        
   Eurostatb,c [10] Austria 2007   19.4 30.8 12.1 ICD 10 (J40-J44, J47)
  Bulgaria    15.8 26.7 07.9  
  Cyprus    09.3 15.5 04.7  
  Czech Republic    14.7 24.1 08.5  
  Estonia    10.7 24.2 04.4  
  Finland    12.9 25.3 05.4  
  France    07.2 12.5 03.8  
  Germany    16.3 24.9 10.8  
  Greeced    10.9 14.8 07.9  
  Hungary    36.1 56.5 23.6  
  Lithuania    22.4 49.0 08.5  
  Latvia    09.7 22.4 03.0  
  Malta    16.0 35.4 02.7  
  Netherlands    26.0 39.6 18.7  
  Poland    16.8 32.0 07.8  
  Romania    20.6 33.8 11.4  
  Spain    18.4 37.1 06.1  
  Sweden    15.1 17.6 13.6  
  Slovakia    12.8 24.5 05.9  
  Slovenia    13.2 23.4 07.5  
  United Kingdom    28.4 35.5 23.7  
   Hurd et al., 2000 [78] Austria 1997 35-74   32 6 ICD 9 (490-496)
  Bulgaria 1994    38 8  
  France 1995    26 5  
  Germany 1997    28 11  
  Greece 1996    12 1  
  Hungary 1995    75 23  
  Italy 1993    30 4  
  Netherlands 1995    43 15  
  Poland 1996    43 8  
  Portugal 1996    38 7  
  Romania 1996    61 18  
  Spain 1995    45 6  
  Sweden 1996    22 12  
  United Kingdom 1997    48 31  
   Siafakas et al., 1995 [45] Austria 1988-1991 NS   18 6 ICD 9 (490-493)
  Belgium     28 9  
  Bulgaria     11 6  
  Denmark     34 20  
  Finland     22 4  
  France     10 3  
  Greece     03 2  
  Hungary     40 16  
  Italy     25 8  
  Netherlands     20 5  
  Poland     29 8  
  Portugal     14 5  
  Romania     20 12  
  Spain     10 3  
  Sweden     11 5  
  United Kingdom     12 6  
Hospital populatione        
   Gudmundsson et al., 2006f [81] SweNorFing 2002 72.1 ± 8.7 293    ICD 10 (J40-J47)
   Groeneweger et al., 2003h [79] Netherlands 2001 70.6 ± 8.5 230    COPD-ATS
   Almagro et al., 2002i [80] Spain 1999 72.0 ± 9 220    COPDj
  1. aAge was reported in various ways: mean age (±SD), or age range, min-max.bNot all European countries have COPD mortality data for 2007 in the Eurostat database. cTotal population (all ages). dGreece does not have mortality data for asthma in 2007; these estimates correspond to J40-J47 and not to J40-J44, J47. eMortality rates in inpatients are of course not age-standardized but represent the number of deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. fMortality rates at 1 year for stages GOLD 1 and GOLD 2, GOLD 3, and GOLD 4 are 3.6, 6.9, and 13.7, respectively. gThis study concerned Sweden, Norway and Finland. hMortality rate at 6 months was 18. iMortality rates at 6 and 24 months were, respectively, 13.4 and 35.6. jClinical diagnosis of COPD and forced spirometry at discharge showing FEV1 <70% of the reference value and FEV1/FVC ratio <70%. Abbreviations used: ICD, International Classification of Diseases. COPD-ATS, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as defined by the American Thoracic Society; NS, not specified; GOLD, Global Obstructive Lung Disease classification stage; FEV1, maximum expiratory volume in 1 second; FVC, forced vital capacity.