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Table 1 Demographic and clinical summaries by Alzheimer’s diagnosis

From: Contact heat sensitivity and reports of unpleasantness in communicative people with mild to moderate cognitive impairment in Alzheimer’s disease: a cross-sectional study

  Total (N = 80) Control (N = 40) AD (N = 40) p-value
  N (%) N (%) N (%)  
Gender     1.000
 Female 40 (50.0) 20 (50.0) 20 (50.0)  
 Male 40 (50.0) 20 (50.0) 20 (50.0)  
Race N = 79 n = 39 n = 40 0.818
 African American 10 (12.7) 4 (10.3) 6 (15.0)  
 Asian 2 (2.5) 1 (2.6) 1 (2.5)  
 Caucasian 67 (84.8) 34 (87.2) 33 (82.5)  
Education N = 77 n = 38 n = 39 0.044
 High school or less 14 (18.2) 5 (13.2) 9 (23.1)  
 Partial college 20 (26.0) 11 (28.9) 9 (23.1)  
 College graduate 22 (28.6) 7 (18.4) 15 (38.5)  
 Graduate school 21 (27.3) 15 (39.5) 6 (15.4)  
Marital status N = 78 n = 39 n = 39 0.845
 Single/divorced/separated 16 (20.5) 9 (23.1) 7 (17.9)  
 Married 46 (59.0) 22 (56.4) 24 (61.5)  
 Widowed 16 (20.5) 8 (20.5) 8 (20.5)  
Marriage occupation status N = 77 n = 39 n = 38 0.736
 One spouse employed 40 (51.9) 21 (53.8) 19 (50.0)  
 Both employed 37 (48.1) 18 (46.2) 19 (50.0)  
  N, median [IQR] N, median [IQR] N, median [IQR]  
Spouse’s occupation score 78, 3.5 [0–7] 39, 3.0 [0–8] 39, 4.0 [0–7] 0.567
Age 80, 73.0 [68–80] 40, 70.0 [66–81] 40, 75.0 [71–79] 0.089
Standardized measures     
Body mass index 77, 25.5 [23–29] 40, 25.5 [23–29] 37, 25.1 [22–28] 0.269
Total SES scorea 77, 55.0 [19–30] 39, 57.0 [45–64] 38, 50.0 [39–56] 0.046
MMSE scoreb 79, 27.0 [19–30] 39, 30.0 [29–30] 40, 19.5 [14–24] <0.001
BPI-SF average painc 80, 0.0 [0–2] 40, 1.0 [0–2] 40, 0.0 [0–2] 0.059
BPI-SF pain right nowc 80, 0.0 [0–0] 40, 0.0 [0–1] 40, 0.0 [0–0] 0.203
GDS-SF scored 78, 1.0 [0–4] 40, 0.0 [0–2] 38, 3.0 [1–5] <0.001
STAI state scoree 68, 47.0 [44–50] 38, 47.0 [44–50] 30, 47.0 [43–50] 0.813
STAI trait scoree 68, 48.0 [45–51] 38, 48.5 [45–53] 30, 47.0 [44–51] 0.230
  1. aSES Hollingshead Four Factor Index of Socioeconomic Status (range = 8–66; 8 = lowest, 66 = highest)
  2. bMMSE Folstein Mini Mental State Examination (range = 0–30; 0 = completely cognitively impaired, 30 = completely cognitively intact)
  3. cBPI-SF Brief Pain Inventory Short Form (range = 0–10; 0 = no pain, 10 = most pain)
  4. dGDS-SF Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form (range = 0–15; 0 = no indication of depression, 15 = high possibility of depression)
  5. eSTAI Spielberger State or Trait Anxiety Inventory (range 20–80; 20 = indicates increased anxiety, 80 = indicates least amount of anxiety)
  6. AD Alzheimer’s disease, IQR interquartile range