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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants at baseline by smoking status

From: Tobacco smoking and risk of 36 cardiovascular disease subtypes: fatal and non-fatal outcomes in a large prospective Australian study

  Current Past Never
≥ 15 cigarettes/day < 15 cigarettes/day Total
Total 5% (9400) 3% (5002) 8% (14,711) 34% (63,427) 58% (110,029)
Age
 45–64 years 85% (8027) 83% (4175) 84% (12,425) 69% (43,722) 70% (77,546)
 65–79 years 14% (1269) 14% (694) 14% (2024) 25% (15,982) 23% (25,449)
 ≥ 80 years 1% (104) 3% (133) 2% (262) 6% (3723) 6% (7034)
Men 51% (4792) 43% (2175) 48% (7120) 53% (33,548) 38% (42,124)
Residing in major cities 48% (4408) 51% (2533) 49% (7099) 51% (31,783) 54% (58,685)
University degree 12% (1114) 19% (946) 15% (2109) 23% (14,378) 29% (31,151)
Household income ≥ $70,000 21% (1578) 26% (1051) 23% (2673) 34% (17,322) 37% (31,869)
Private health insurance (hospital/DVA) 39% (3700) 50% (2502) 43% (6329) 65% (41,254) 71% (78,049)
≥ 15 alcoholic drinks per week 28% (2528) 20% (982) 25% (3561) 23% (14,540) 9% (9164)
Highest physical activity tertile 35% (3134) 37% (1783) 35% (5008) 38% (23,745) 35% (36,901)
Physical functioning limitation (MOS-PF < 75) 23% (1886) 16% (694) 21% (2632) 15% (8371) 13% (12,510)
Body mass index
 15 to 19.9 kg/m2 7% (578) 7% (344) 7% (947) 3% (1686) 4% (4361)
 30 to 50 kg/m2 22% (1929) 18% (823) 21% (2812) 24% (14,417) 20% (20,431)
Doctor diagnosed diabetes 7% (677) 5% (266) 7% (969) 8% (4975) 6% (6790)
Treatment for high blood pressure 17% (1552) 13% (657) 15% (2259) 21% (13,566) 21% (22,717)
Treatment for high cholesterol 11% (1034) 9% (470) 10% (1537) 13% (8540) 12% (12,927)
Taking aspirin 12% (1164) 12% (585) 12% (1786) 16% (9850) 13% (14,769)
  1. Percentages shown in the “Total” row represent proportions of the total study population (n = 188,167). All other percentages represent proportions within smoking status categories. Denominators of the percentages do not include missing data. Number of study participants with missing data: region of residence = 3637; education= 2749; annual household income = 39,060; private health insurance = 5; alcohol consumption = 3606; physical activity tertile = 5713; physical functioning limitation = 22,978; body mass index = 13,753; taking aspirin = 18; smoking intensity = 309; and other variables = 0
  2. DVA Department of Veterans’ Affairs, MOS-PF Medical Outcomes Study–Physical Functioning scale